Coton de Tulear
Breed History and
Standard
 


 


 
 
     


       



 





















 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

                          Breed History
                                          (
scroll down for Breed Standard)
T he Coton de Tulear originated in Madagascar, an island situated off the east coast of Africa.  Dating back as far as the 16th century, there are many legends surrounding the origin of this breed.  It is believed that sailors from Spain and Portugal had small white dogs in the galleys of their ships.  Ultimately some of these Bichon type dogs remained on the island of Madagascar where they bred with indigenous dogs.  Over time the Coton de Tulear emerged.  Named after their cottony coat and the main port city of Tulear, the Coton de Tulear has been a charmer ever since.

T hrough time the Coton, an intelligent little dog, was able to sustain himself through hunting; towards the end of the 19th century, recognizing the qualities of the breed, people set out to capture and domestic the Coton.

While the breed's origin dates back several centuries, the Coton de Tulear's offical recognition did not come about until 1975 when the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) accepted them into their registry.  It is at about this time that the first Coton de Tulears arrived in North America.  To date the Coton de Tulear is recognized worldwide.  However, the Canadian Kennel Club (CKC) and the American Kennel Club (AKC) have not yet given full recognition to the breed.  Thus, there are several registries in the U.S. that register the Coton de Tulear, and in Canada, the Coton de Tulear is registered with the Canine Federation of Canada.


B
reed Standard
 

FEDERATION CYNOLOGIQUE INTERNATIONALE
SECRETARIAT GENERAL: 13, Place Albert I — B 6530 THUIN (Belg.)
FCI-Standard N0 283 / 04. 02. 2000 / GB

COTON DE TULEAR

TRANSLATION Mrs. Pamela Jeans-Brown. Mrs.Renée Sporre-WiIles, Mr. Raymond Triquet.

ORIGIN : Madagascar.

PATRONAGE: France.

DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 25.11. 1999.

UTILIZATION : Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. :

Group 9 Companion and Toy Dogs. Section 1.2 Coton de Tuléar.
Without working trial.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY :

Introduced to France long before its official recognition in 1970. this newcomer from Madagascar quickly acquired a prominent position amongst the companion dogs of this country; today it is widespread all over the world.

GENERAL APPEARANCE :

Small, long-haired, companion dog with a white cotton textured coat, with round, dark eyes and a lively, intelligent expression.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS:

The height at the withers in relationship to the length of the body is 2 to3.
The length of the head in relationship to that of the body is 2 to 5.
The length of the skull in relationship to that of the muzzle is 9 to 5.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT :

Of a happy temperament, stable, very sociable with humans and with other dogs; it adapts perfectly to all ways of life. The temperament of the Coton de Tuléar is one of the main characteristics of the breed.

HEAD :

Short, seen from above triangular.

CRANIAL REGION:

Skull : Seen from the front slightly rounded; rather wide in relation to its length. Superciliary arches only slightly developed. Slight frontal groove. Occipital protuberance and crest only slightly accentuated. Well developed zygomatic arches.
Stop
:   Slight.

FACIAL REGION:

Nose
: In the extension of the nasal bridge; black; brown is tolerated; nostrils wide open.
Muzzle
: Straight.
Lips
: Fine, tight, of the same color as the nose
Jaws/Teeth
: Teeth well aligned. Scissor bite, pincer bite or inverted bite without losing contact. The absence of the PM 1 is not penalized; the M3s are not taken into consideration.
Cheeks
: Lean.
Eyes
: Rather rounded, dark, lively, wide apart; the rims of the eyelids are well pigmented with black or brown according to the color of the nose.
Ears
: Pendulous, triangular, high set on the skull, fine at the tips; carried close to the cheeks, reaching the corners of the lips. Covered with white hairs or with some traces of light gray (mixture of white and black hairs giving a light gray appearance) or red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs giving a red-roan appearance - lemon).

NECK :

Well muscled, slightly arched. Neck well set into shoulders. Proportion of neck to body = 1/5. Clean neck with no dewlap.

BODY :

Topline very slightly convex. Dog longer than high.
Withers : Only slightly pronounced.
Back and loin
: Strong back, topline very slightly arched. Loin well muscled.
Croup : Oblique, short and muscled.
Chest; Well developed, well let down to elbow level, long. Ribs well sprung.
Belly
:   Tucked up but not excessively.

TAIL :

Low set, in the axis of the spinal column. At rest : carried below the hock, the tip being raised. On the move : Carried ((gaily))curved over the back, with the point towards the nape, the withers, the back or the loin. In dogs with abundant coat, the tip may rest on the dorsal-lumbar region.

LIMBS:  FOREQUARTERS

The frontlegs are upright.

Shoulder and upper arm : Oblique shoulder, muscled. Scapulo­humeral angle about 120 degrees. The length of the upper arm corresponds approximately to that of the shoulder blade.

Lower arm : Humero-radial angle : about 120 degrees. Lower arms vertical and parallel, well muscled, with good bone. The length of the lower arm corresponds approximately to that of the upper arm.

Carvus (Pastern joint) : A continuation of the line of the lower arm. Metacaroals (Pastern): Strong, seen in profile sloping very slightly.

Forefeet: Small, round, toes tight, arched; pads pigmented.

LIMBS:  HINDQUARTERS

The hindlegs are upright. Though dewclaws arenot sought, their presence is not penalized.

Upper thigh : Strongly muscled; coxo-femoral angle about 80 degrees.
Lower thigh
Oblique, forming with the femur an angle of about 120 degrees.
Hock joint: Dry, well defined, angle of the hock about 160g.
Metatarsals (Rear pasterns): Vertical.
Hind feet: Similar to forefeet.

GAIT & MOVEMENT :

Free and flowing, without covering a lot of ground; topline retained on the move. No sign of uneven movement.

SKIN :

Fine, stretched tight over all the body; although of pink color, it can be pigmented.

COAT

HAIR This is one of the main characteristics of the breed from which its very name derives. Very soft and supple, with the texture of cotton, never hard or rough. the coat is dense, profuse and can be very slightly wavy.

COLOR : Ground color White. A few slight shadings of light gray color (mixture of white and black hairs) or of red-roan (mixture of white and fawn hairs), are permitted on the ears. On the other parts of the body, such shadings can be tolerated, if they do not alter the general appearance of white coat. They are however not sought after.

SIZE AND WEIGHT

Height at withers

Males :  26-28 cm, tolerance of 2 cm above and 1 cm below.
Females:  23-25 cm, tolerance of 2cm above and 1 cm below.

Weight

Males : From 4 kg to a maximum of 6 kg.
Females:  From 3,5 kg to a maximum of 5 kg.

FAULTS :

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.

Serious FAULTS:

•    Skull : Flat or too domed, narrow.
•    Muzzle Disproportion between skull and muzzle.
•    Eyes : Light, too almond shaped; entropion, ectropion, prominent eves.
•    Ears Too short. with insufficient length of hair; ears folding backwards (rose ear).
•    Neck : Too short, too stuffy in shoulder, too slender.
•    Topline Too arched, sway backed.
•    Croup Horizontal. narrow.
•    Shoulder : Straight.
•    Limbs : Turned inwards or outwards; out at elbows; hocks wide set or too close: straight
     angulations.
•    Hair Too short, too wavy, curly.
•    Pigmentation : Partially lacking or too light pigmentation of eyelids or lips; discolored nose,
     with unpigmented areas.

ELIMINATING FAULTS:

General type

•    Lack of type (insufficient breed characteristics which means that the animal on the whole
     does not sufficiently resemble other examples of the breed).
•    Size and weight outside the requirements and tolerance of the standard.

Particular points

•    Foreface : Bridge of nose convex.
•    Eyes : Bulging, with signs of dwarfism; too light; wall eyes.
•    Ears : Pricked or semi-pricked.
•    Tail : Not reaching to hock; high set, completely curled (forming a tight ring); carried flat on
      the back or against the thighs: carried candle like; tailless.
•    Hair : Atypical, rightly curled, woolly, silky.
•    Color : Heavily marked; any marking of a definite black.
•    Pigmentation : Total lack of pigment on eyerims. nose or lips.

Anomalies

•    Overshot or undershot mouth with lack of contact between the incisors; vertical gaping of the
      incisors.
•    Absence of teeth other than the PMI or the M3s.
•    Aggressive or extremely shy specimen.

N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.